habesha cultural clothing
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Habesha Cultural Clothing

Habesha cultural clothing is very diverse in design type or the material used to make them. The difference is
mostly affected by the climate of the area.
Some use leather for their main clothing material but widely, most of the Habesha cultural clothing is made of cotton by simply using it solely or mixing with other kinds of fabrics to make it go with the culture and climate condition they live in.
The clothes, that are made of these fabrics, mostly called Habesha wear.
A cloth made of cotton is widely applicable in the central, northern and some parts of the eastern part of Ethiopia and this is also extensively wearable in Eritrea.

How many types of Habesha fabrics there is?

in one word a lot.
So are you ready for a journey behind the fabrics?
In this blog post, we will be concentrating on 5.
Without any further ado, let’s get into the types.

Menen (መነን): Menen is a softer habeshan wear made of 100% cotton. It is the most used fabric in the Habeshan community. It is a thinner fabric with a softer feel. It can be wear in hot and moderate areas for occasional and is the best fabric for being used for casual clothes.


Saba (ሳባ): Saba is the finest kind of fabric with a shiny look. It is made by mixing cotton with other kinds of thread material, which come from natural or factory. Because of its shiny look and premium feel it is mostly used for holidays and special occasions.
** The name of the fabric comes from Queen Saba (Shaba). She was the ruler of Ethiopia around 10th Century B.C

ethiopian dressesWldeyes (ወልደየስ): Weldeyes is similar to menen. What makes it the difference is the patter of the threads it is made of. The Dir (ድር) [the horizontal threads of the fabric] and mag (ማግ) [the vertical or across threads of the fabric] have different variations. As an example, mag may be denser than the Dir.

Gojam azel (ጎጃም አዘል): Gojam azel is much different than the above fabrics. It is made up of rice threads and its hand-woven by weaver (ሸማኔ). It has a more rough feel. Nowadays it is more applicable by new upcoming designs to create modern casual designs without realizing its cultural value.

Gorgeous Ethiopian handmade scarfPhoto 1: Photo By Genaye Eshetu from Addis photo fest

Buluko (ቡሉኮ): Buluko is thicker fabric and is usually used for making Gabi (ጋቢ). Gabi is a scarf but it is wider by width and height and it is more like a blanket than a scarf. It usually used in the colder season and more applicable in a colder area. It is made of mostly by 100% cotton weaved and completed by a thinner colorful embroidery pattern (tillet).

ethiopian design clothing
As you probably understand from the above Habeshan has a fabric applicable and preferable for every season of the year and has a variety of choices to wear for any climate conditions.

If you have any comments or suggestions, please write bellow. We will be happy to consider that in my next blog post.
Thank you:-)

The post was written by ABIS Fashion.
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Phone number: +251974666075